Golang VS Python: Which one to choose?

Golang VS Python: Which one to choose?

Great codes abound on the internet. They serve as the foundation for many infrastructures. Even the platform you’re reading this on was designed with a commitment to producing excellent code. While the ordinary user is unlikely to notice, smart developers are constantly looking for methods to improve their programs (and hence their coding).

Most development teams hold numerous meetings before commencing a project to determine the optimal language for their program. This debate frequently devolves into a debate between Python and Golang. We’ll compare the two languages side by side on a variety of factors to help you determine which language is better for you as a developer.

Golang

Usually known as Go, is a Google-developed programming language. The language was first developed at Google in 2007 and released in 2009. Many current language features, including method and operator overloading, pointer arithmetic, and type inheritance, are included in Go. Finally, we had a statically typed language with a sophisticated and powerful library, as well as unrivaled performance and speed!

Concurrent programming and the execution of several processes at the same time are possible with this language. Channels, goroutines, and other techniques are used to do programming and execution. Golang provides garbage collection, which handles memory management and allows functions to be executed later.

Python

It is a multi-purpose programming language that may be used for almost anything. The most important aspect of Python is that it is an interpreted language. It means that, unlike other programming languages, the written codes are not transformed to a computer-readable format. Because it was designed to be used for simple applications, this language is often known as a “scripting language.”

Python is a high-abstraction and object-oriented programming language. It has built-in data structures, typing, and dynamic binding which makes it a good choice for rapid application development. Python supports modules and packages which allows for system modularity and code reuse.

Key Differences

Here’s a list of the key differences between Golang and Python:

Golang vs Python

  • Scalability

Golang was designed from the ground up to be scalable. It has concurrency built-in, allowing it to handle numerous tasks at once. Python employs concurrency, although it isn’t built-in; instead, it uses threads to accomplish parallelism. As a result, if you’re going to work with massive data sets, Golang appears to be the better option.

  • Application

Python shines when it comes to artificial intelligence, data analytics, deep learning, and web application development. While Golang was originally designed for system programming, it is now popular among developers working on cloud and cluster computing applications.

  • Performance

Python isn’t recognized for being memory or CPU-friendly, but thanks to its large library base, it excels at fundamental programming tasks. Golang has built-in features that make it more suited to microservices development architectures.

  • Community

Python’s age, as previously said, provides it with significant advantages. One of them is the vast number of libraries and the community that supports them. On the other hand, Golang is yet a young language with a small number of libraries and community support as compared to Python. However, we should not dismiss Go just yet. Its pace of acceptance and expansion is remarkable, and it continues to increase every day.

Wrapping up

After you’ve considered all of these factors, your use case will choose which language to utilize. Python is more suited for artificial intelligence, machine learning, and data analysis, and on the other hand, Golang would be a superior choice for setting up a development team to create microservices since it is speedy, easy to code, and scales well.

In most circumstances, Go would win in a head-to-head comparison, and it is regarded as a viable alternative to Python. Developers should choose a programming language based on the nature and scope of their project, as well as the skill sets of people participating.

The good news is that, regardless of language preference, both languages are always changing. While Golang may appear to be the obvious choice in most instances, the Python community is not resting on its hands. Both languages are gaining in popularity. This suggests that in the future, we will see additional features and improvements.

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Algoworks
Algoworks is a technology company providing end-to-end product development services globally. With our product engineering and agile delivery process, we help deliver robust software products in the shortest time to market. Our key IT service offerings include Mobility, Salesforce, DevOps and Enterprise Application Integration. We are recognized partners with 80+ businesses worldwide from startups to Fortune 500 companies such as Amazon, Dell, Salesforce, and Microsoft.
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